An ophthalmologist is an eye surgeon and consultant who is specially trained in eye care. They can practice surgical procedures on the eyes and identify disease and conditions such as strabismus.
An ophthalmologist is required to go through years of pre-medical education and medical school with medical practitioners. This is usually followed by an internship, and several more years of practical, hands-on surgical training. After this, they are certified to practice as a medical doctor officially. As a qualified doctor, they can make a diagnosis or assess an eye disease.
Their level of training allows them to spot underlying body issues that affect the eyes. Examples of these are diabetes and high blood pressure. Whilst an ophthalmologist may be able to diagnose, and t treat medical eye issues such as glaucoma and cataracts, they will often refer you to another specialist. An ophthalmologist can also be trained to perform eye surgery with laser treatment.