What is the best treatment for uveitis?
Steroids can be used to treat uveitis and reduce inflammation in the eye. Your ophthalmologist will administer the steroid as an eye drop, pill or injection, depending on the type of uveitis.
Uveitis is often treated with eye drops as it affects the front of the eye whilst tablets or injections are more commonly used for posterior uveitis. Either tablets or injections can be used for intermediate uveitis depending on your symptoms.
Steroids, especially in pill form, can cause serious side effects including glaucoma, osteoporosis, kidney damage, high blood sugar and high blood pressure. For this reason, it is vital to follow your doctor's instructions regarding dosage and to visit them on a regular basis in order to monitor the treatment effectively.
Anterior uveitis is likely to be treated with pupil dilation eye drops (mydriatic eye drops) in addition to steroids. The eye drops will reduce the pain and can also be used to reduce your intraocular pressure should uveitis cause you to have high eye pressure. They can also reduce the risk of glaucoma.
In rare cases, an operation called vitrectomy is needed to treat uveitis. This is only advised if your uveitis is repeated, severe or caused by certain conditions.
If uveitis comes back, blood tests can be undertaken to look for underlying inflammation in other places in of the body. Keeping the inflammation under control will be highly advised to prevent further uveitis recurring.